HAPPY VALLEY FARM ON INDIAN CREEK
|Address:||1269 Indian Creek Road, Ballard, WV 24918|
Randy S. "Riverbend" Burdette, 304-667-2897
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Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is a 37-acre Wild and Wonderful Monroe Couty, West Virginia gem of a property. The farm has 500 feet +/- of excellent direct access to the beloved stream Indian Creek, a tributary of the New River. An excellent recently built bank barn includes upper and lower sections for multiple uses. This is an excellent farm for horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and many other animals. This farm includes approximately 10 acres of fertile and level creekfront property. The property could be a location for a campground or many other uses.
Indian Creek takes its name from a Native American trail that crossed the Appalachians from the valley of the Ohio River to that of the Great Valley of Virginia. “It was the interstate of the Indian world.” Indian Creek is a tributary of the New River. It is one of Monroe County’s main drainage basins. Indian Creek begins its journey near Salt Sulphur Springs and drains tens of thousands of acres on its winding 30-mile-long trip through pastoral farms, steep mountain canyons, wide bottomland forests, wetlands, and marshes before ending its trip close to Crumps Bottom, where it enters the New River. Indian Creek is an excellent fishing stream that maintains water throughout the year. Other activities include swimming in the deep pools, boating, tubing, canoeing, and kayaking.
BRIEF HISTORY OF RED SULPHUR SPRINGS, MONROE COUNTY
Red Sulphur Springs, located on State Route 12 in southern Monroe County, was the site of a popular mineral spring resort from the 1820s until World War I. The spring water emerges from the ground at 54 degrees F. and leaves a purplish-red sulfurous deposit which was used to treat skin conditions. The water was believed to be useful in the treatment of tuberculosis. Modern analysis shows the water to be high in bicarbonate, sulfate, and calcium. The history of Red Sulphur Springs is uncertain before 1800, but it is thought that Indians made use of the spring. The site was acquired around 1800 by Nicholas Harvey. His sons were the first to develop the property in the 1820s by constructing cabins for the use of visitors. In 1833, the property was purchased by Dr. William Burke who formed a corporation and embarked on an ambitious building campaign. A spring pavilion and several buildings for the accommodation and entertainment of 300 guests were constructed. The golden age of the Red Sulphur resort came before 1861. During the Civil War soldiers from both armies occupied the buildings. Following the war, the resort continued operation, and in the 1890s it was purchased by Levi Morton, U.S. vice-president under Benjamin Harrison. Morton upgraded the property and operated the resort successfully until around 1915 when he offered it to the state of West Virginia for use as a tuberculosis sanatorium. He sold the property after his offer was rejected by the state. Around 1920, the buildings were dismantled and the resort ceased operation.
- 37 Acres +/-
- The beautiful Indian Creek Valley of Monroe
- Wild and Wonderful Monroe County
- Beautiful mountain and creek views
- Direct access to wonderful Indian Creek, approx. 500 feet +/-
- Excellent opportunity for a campgrounds
- 680 feet of frontage on Indian Creek Road
- 850 feet of frontage on Route 12 across from Calvary Church
- Located in a low-traffic farming community
- Excellent recreational area for kids and adults
- Off grid single-wide with addition mobile home, current owner residence
- Excellent bank barn 32 x 36 constructed in 2021, plus a 12-foot lean too
- 14 x 24 workshop with half bath and basement
- 12 x 20 shop building
- Large, fenced game bird pheasant raising pen
- Churn drilled 83-foot well with ample water and no sulphur
- Gravel driveway
- Low property taxes
- Septic system
- Amish Community nearby
- 10 minutes to the medical clinic
- Historic Cook’s Mill nearby
- Minutes to Peterstown, historic Union, and Hinton
- Easy drive to Roanoke’s jet airport
- Amtrak train station at nearby Hinton
- Pence Springs Flea Market is a 20-minute drive
- Superior access by state-maintained paved roads – FedEx, UPS, and USPS delivery
- Cell phone coverage is good in most areas with Verizon
- Fur-bearing – deer, black bear, squirrel, rabbit, bobcat, raccoon, fox, chipmunk, opossum
- Winged wildlife – eagles, hawks, owls, ravens, turkeys, and Neotropical songbirds
Years of progressive wildlife management practice in the area have created the ideal wildlife preserve. Early on, management goals promoted overall wildlife health, facilitated the harvest of game, developed wildlife viewing areas, increased carrying capacity, and increased species diversity.
The Bluestone Lake, Greenbrier River, and New River are major contributors to the local ecosystem’s richness and diversity for plants and animals. The farm pond and Indian Creek both foster aquatic plant life and create a water-supported community with a wide variety of wildlife. The plant life associated with the creek area includes rushes, sedges, cattails, duckweed, and algae.
Many animals live year-round and at other times in the water and around the edges of the creek, including raccoons, opossums, blue herons, Canada geese, wood ducks, mallards, minnows, native fish, turtles, salamanders, newts, crayfish, muskrats, bullfrogs, eagles, hawks, and redwing blackbirds.
The microscopic world includes butterflies, dragonflies, pond skaters, beetles, damselflies, tadpoles, and insect larvae.
The diverse tree species and abundant water supply from the pond and nearby streams create the perfect wildlife habitat. The “edge effect” created between farm fields, hollows, and ridges benefits all the resident wildlife. Bald eagles, red-tail hawks, whitetail deer, black bears, wild turkeys, squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, foxes, and many species of songbirds, owls, and raptors make up the resident wildlife population.
The local hardwood forests in the area provide an essential nutrient source and produce hard mast, including acorns, hickory nuts, beech nuts, and black walnuts. Soft mast includes stag horn sumac, black cherry, tulip poplar seeds, maple seeds, autumn olive berries, and blackberries.
RECREATION HAPPY VALLEY FARM ON INDIAN CREEK
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek offers matchless recreational opportunities.
Nature viewing is first in a line of recreational activities. Attentive wildlife management has been geared not to just game animals. Equal consideration has been extended to increasing the numbers and diversity of species, including neo-tropical songbirds, butterflies, turtles, frogs, rabbits, chipmunks, dragonflies, owls, and hawks.
Near-complete darkness can still be found in areas of the property, thereby affording the opportunity to view the night sky in all its brilliant wonder.
Water sports enthusiasts will find the nearby Indian Creek, Greenbrier, New Rivers, and Bluestone Lake is ideal for swimming, canoeing, fishing, kayaking, tubing, snorkeling, paddle boarding, and windsurfing.
Mountain biking, horseback riding, and hiking are popular activities.
The land may be used for hunting, hiking, or ATV riding.
Shooting sports devotees find all the land and privacy needed to enjoy:
- paintball-airsoft-laser tag and archery tag
- Shotgun sport shooting, including skeet, trap, double trap, and sporting clays with rifle and handgun shooting: bullseye, silhouette, western, bench rest, long-range, and fast draw
- Archery and crossbow competition shooting are popular local sports
- Plain ole’ plinking: Grandpa’s old 22 single-shot rifle and a few tin cans make a fun day
All-terrain motorsports are very popular events.
The mountain land could be developed for additional forest trails that are perfect for experiencing the property from an ATV or UTV. These exciting machines handle a wide variety of terrain.
Dirt bikes can also be a lot of fun, and they come in all sizes and horsepower to fit anyone who enjoys being on two wheels.
Google Coordinates: 37.530880°(N), -80.771918°(W)
Address: 1269 Indian Creek Road, Ballard, WV 24918
Elevation Range: 1523 ft. to 1820 ft. +/-
15 minutes to Peterstown
20 minutes to Hinton
35 minutes to Princeton & I-77
30 minutes to Union
45 minutes to Athens and Concord University
45 minutes to Camp Creek State Park & Forest
50 minutes to Mercer County Airport, Bluefield
55 minutes to Blacksburg, VA, and Virginia Tech
55 minutes to Lewisburg
60 minutes to Beckley
60 minutes to Raleigh County Memorial Airport, Beckley
65 minutes to Greenbrier Valley Airport, Lewisburg
20 minutes to Bluestone Lake, Hinton
35 minutes to Pipestem Resort State Park
50 minutes to Moncove Lake State Park, Gap Mills
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is a great location for horseback riding.
The farm has about 500 feet of frontage on Indian Creek, a blue line stream with regular water flow (and on both sides of the creek) in use, and other possibilities of an addition that could be developed.
The home is served by an 83-foot churn-drilled well with an ample water supply without sulphur.
West Virginia is one of the states in the US that has two ownership titles, those being SURFACE RIGHTS and MINERAL RIGHTS. A title search for mineral rights ownership has not been conducted. All rights the owner has will convey with the property. A mineral title search could be conducted by a title attorney at the same time as the surface title search is being conducted.
BOUNDARIES AND SURVEY
Many of the boundaries are fairly recent surveyed lines either from the survey of the original property or from surveys of out conveyances. A portion of the western boundary runs with Route 12 and major portions of the eastern boundary run with Route 23. Some other boundaries are evidenced by fencing. The property is being sold by the boundary and not by the acre.
The property is a working farm with horses, chickens, vegetable gardening and is used as a brooder for grouse to be commercially sold.
Water: Private churn drilled well, 83 ft.
Sewer: Septic system
Telephone: Frontier landline is available
Internet: Verizon cellular hotspot, possibly Frontier DSL
Cellphone Coverage: Verizon is good
The property has frontage on both Route 12 (Calvary Church) and Route 23, Indian Creek Road. The primary farm entrance connects directly with Indian Creek Road Rt. 23.
There is currently no county zoning in Monroe County. All prospective purchasers are encouraged to contact the Monroe County Health Department for answers regarding the installation of septic systems and water wells. Further information on county zoning may be answered by contacting the Monroe County Commission.
PROPERTY TYPE/USE SUMMARY
During the 1980s and 1990s, the property was nearly all fields. Over the years since then, many areas of fields have begun growing brushy vegetation as they ease back towards forestland. Some work could return desired areas back to fields. There currently is a nice area of about 10 acres of active field along Indian Creek.
(This summary is an estimation of current property use as determined from aerial photography. It is made subject to the estimation of property boundaries and any errors in the interpretation of land use type from the aerial photography utilized.)
DEED AND TAX INFORMATION
Deed Information: DB 296 Pg. 257 and DB ___ Pg. ___
Monroe County, West Virginia
Acreage: 37.249 acres +/-
Real Estate Tax ID/Acreage/Taxes:
Monroe County (32), West Virginia
Red Sulphur District (3)
Tax Map 3 Parcel 19.6, Class 2; and Tax Map 3 Parcel 19.3, Class 3
2023 Real Estate Taxes: $304.64
Monroe County School District
Public Elementary School:
Peterstown Elementary School (a brand-new facility near Ballard)
Public Middle School:
Peterstown Middle School
Public High School:
James Monroe High School
Monroe County Vocational Center
Ballard Christian School
THE SURROUNDING AREA
Amidst the beautiful scenery of southern West Virginia lies the long Bluestone Lake. This reservoir, the third largest lake in West Virginia, is popular for its fishing and other recreational activities. Bluestone Lake was formed by a concrete dam built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers across the New River to reduce flooding. Although the dam was started in 1941, its construction was delayed because of World War II, and it was not fully completed until 1952. The lake is nearly eleven miles long, with an area of 2,040 acres during summer pool, though the water level does change frequently. The Lake can grow to over thirty-six miles long at the flood control pool. At higher levels, the lake extends into Giles County, Virginia. The Lake’s Catchment Area is 4,565 square miles. Water levels are drawn down four feet in winter to make room for melting snow and spring rain.
Bluestone Lake, Greenbrier River, and the New River are great places for fishing, and it is said that the New River is the best warm-water fishery in the state. Some of the species of fish available in the lake and river are bluegill, catfish, crappie, muskellunge, and various types of bass. New River bass has set some West Virginia state records.
In addition to fishing, Bluestone Lake is fantastic for enjoying all sorts of water activities, including boating, canoeing, water skiing, and wakeboarding. The lake has several boat ramps and a commercial marina for the boater’s convenience, and there are no limits to the size of boats or motors that can be on the lake.
Bluestone Lake is part of the Bluestone Wildlife Management Area, which covers an area of 18,019 acres. The Wildlife Management Area is known for having some of the best hunting in the area, and hunters and trappers will be able to catch a variety of game, including whitetail deer, turkey, fox, and other animals.
A great place to enjoy the lake is Bluestone State Park. The Park has ample accommodation for those who want to stay overnight. There are a variety of campsites – or, if you prefer a more comfortable stay, there are twenty-six cabins with TVs, showers, and other modern conveniences. Park visitors can take a walk on the hiking trails, play in the swimming pool, or rent game equipment to play croquet or horseshoes. The Park also has weekly events with lots of fun activities.
In addition to all the fun activities on the lake, there’s plenty more to do in the surrounding area. There are several other parks nearby where you can enjoy all sorts of outdoor activities. You can experience some great whitewater on the New River. And the New River Gorge is well-known as a great place for rock climbing, with its many hard sandstone cliffs. If you want a break from outdoor activities, the nearby town of Hinton has many attractions. There are a variety of restaurants, shops, and antique stores to browse and museums to visit.
Historical and recreational interest located in the Bluestone area includes the outdoor musical drama “Hatfields and McCoys,” and others shows performed at Grandview Park, near Beckley. Pipestem Resort, with its myriad recreational facilities ,is only nine miles to the south, and the 80,000 acres New River Gorge National River Park, the center of some of the state’s best whitewater rafting and canoeing, plays an integral part of the area. Of special note are Sandstone Falls and the Visitor Center, just north of Hinton, and Bluestone National Wild and Scenic River, which flows into Bluestone Lake within the park boundaries.
BLUESTONE LAKE MARINA
Bluestone Lake Marina offers guests lake opportunities for water-oriented recreation. Depending on lake conditions, it is open from April 15th through October 15th.
At the marina, you can rent fishing boats, pontoon boats, kayaks, canoes, and slip rentals, as well as cabin rentals conveniently located near Bluestone Lake and Bluestone State Park. Fuel, bait, and snacks are available for purchase.
BLUESTONE WMA – 18,109 ACRES
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is a 15-minute drive to West Virginia’s Bluestone Wildlife Management Area. The statewide Wildlife Management Program is designed to conserve and manage high-quality habitats for a variety of wildlife species and to improve public access to these resources. West Virginia provides numerous opportunities to learn and appreciate the abundant wildlife.
Bluestone Wildlife Management Area offers visitors a variety of outdoor recreational opportunities on 18,109 acres. Being adjacent to Bluestone Lake, the state’s third-largest body of water, the area offers guests boating, canoeing, and fishing opportunities. The section of the lake from just upstream of the Bluestone River to Bluestone Dam is in Bluestone State Park; the rest of the lake in the West Virginia basin comprises Bluestone WMA.
Hunting is offered due to the wildlife management area status, and Bluestone has over 330 primitive campsites and picnic sites. Avid fishermen can enjoy float fishing and stocked trout fishing in Indian Creek. Hiking and equestrian trails are also popular.
Bicycles are permitted on main roads, day-use areas, and campground areas. Many of the roads leading to Wildlife Management area campgrounds are dirt roads which provide an experience similar to off-road bicycling.
BLUESTONE STATE PARK
Bluestone State Park was established in 1950 and is named after the Bluestone National Scenic River, which flows into the New River at the park. Bluestone State Park encompasses over 2,100 acres of rugged, heavily forested, mountainous terrain and provides a variety of water-oriented activities for guests and residents of southern West Virginia. This Park is five miles south of Hinton, WV.
Classic Cabins at Bluestone State Park are available for rent year-round. The campgrounds, although seasonal by nature, are popular campsites with visitors. Hiking and the opportunity to view eagles make Bluestone a neat area to visit.
Bluestone State Park has twenty-six modern, fully furnished cabins with kitchens, showers, linens, towels, cooking utensils, dishes, tableware, and modern appliances. Each cabin also has a stone fireplace, grill, picnic table, and campfire ring. Cabins are available for rent year-round and accommodate two to eight people. Select cabins are pet friendly. Guests also have access to nearby Pipestem Resort State Park’s indoor facilities, including an indoor pool and sauna, for some more rest and relaxation.
Bluestone State Park has four campgrounds with 120 campsites. The Meador Campground has 32 sites open to RVs and tents, with electric and water available at seven of the sites, electric at 15 sites, and a central bathhouse are also on-site. The Tent Area Campground has five rustic sites and is designed for group camping. Old Mill Campground, open to tents and RVs, has forty-four rustic campsites and a central bathhouse. East Shore Campground has 39 primitive sites accessible by boat only. The campgrounds are open from mid-April through late October. Campground reservations are available from Memorial Day through Labor Day each year. Campgrounds are open on a first-come, first-serve basis through October 31.
An extra plus is that Bluestone Park is adjacent to Bluestone Lake, the state’s third-largest body of water. Due to this sizeable lake, boating, and fishing are naturally an important part of the recreational opportunities at the park. The addition of hiking trails, a swimming pool, game courts, and a seasonal nature/recreation program creates a well-rounded array of activities. The proximity of Bluestone to the Winter Place ski area makes the park’s rental cabins affordable accommodation for ski groups and winter vacations.
Nearby is “The Year-Round Crown Jewel of West Virginia State Parks,” Pipestem, which is known for its scenic overlooks and an aerial tram ride into the Bluestone Gorge. Park amenities include an 18-hole, par seventy-two championship golf course with several restaurants and snack bars.
Bluestone Dam, located at Hinton, is one of the major flood control dams in West Virginia. It has the largest drainage area and flood storage capacity of any dam in the state. It is built across New River, one mile above its junction with the Greenbrier River and two miles below the confluence of New River and Bluestone River. Prior to the construction of the Bluestone Dam, flooding was a major problem in this great river system.
Bluestone Dam was authorized in 1935 by an executive order issued by President Franklin Roosevelt. Construction on the project began in 1942, but work was suspended in 1943 because of World War II. Work resumed in January 1946, and the dam was completed for operational purposes in January 1949 and totally completed in 1952. The approximate cost was $30 million.
With a drainage area of 4,565 square miles, Bluestone Dam controls 44 percent of the river flow through the populous Kanawha Valley, which is downstream. It is a concrete gravity dam 165 feet high and 2,048 feet long, administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Normal release of water from Bluestone Lake is accomplished through 16 sluices in the base of the dam. The 790-foot spillway has twenty-one floodgates. There are also six sluiceways for hydroelectric power that have not been used in the early decades of the dam’s history. The maximum discharge capacity is 430,000 square feet per second.
The dam contains 942,000 cubic yards of concrete and 7,800 tons of steel. Its lake has a summertime surface of 2,040 acres and is very popular with boaters, skiers, and fishermen. Bluestone State Park, located on the Bluestone River about three miles above the dam, provides lodging, camping, a restaurant, and recreational facilities.
The Bluestone Dam celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1999 when the Army Corps of Engineers estimated that the dam had prevented more than $1.6 billion in flood damages. Bluestone ended its first half-century with important improvements underway. The lake became a major supplier of public water in 1997, serving Hinton and Princeton and a large area between and around those two communities.
Reinforcements were added to the dam under the federal Dam Safety Assurance Program, with raising the dam by 8 feet, installing anchors, and thrust blocks to tie the dam into bedrock, spillway improvements, and other work. The second phase, installing bedrock anchors, is underway, and three additional phases remain to be constructed. Simultaneously, work began to add hydroelectric capacity to the dam in a partnership between Hinton and other communities and private industry.
Hydroelectric Power Generation Project: Bluestone Dam was originally designed for Federal hydropower, and six penstocks were constructed through the east abutment. During World War II, construction activities were delayed, during which time interest in Federal hydropower declined.
The Water Resources Development Act of 2000 authorized the Tri-Cities Power Authority (TCPA) to design and construct a hydropower-generating facility at Bluestone Dam. TCPA is made up of the West Virginia cities of Hinton, Philippi, and White Sulphur Springs.
Until the early 2000s, the penstocks were capped and never modified. Between 2001 and 2017, the Corps modified the penstocks to create an auxiliary spillway as a required Dam Safety Action.
The Corps and TCPA initiated negotiations for the installation of a non-federal hydropower facility at Bluestone Dam, but these negotiations were put on hold as the Corps advanced required dam safety actions so TCPA could re-assess the project. Bluestone State Park was established in 1950 and is named after the Bluestone National Scenic River, which flows into the New River at the park. Bluestone State Park encompasses over 2,100 acres of rugged, heavily forested, mountainous terrain and provides a variety of water-oriented activities for guests and residents of southern West Virginia. This Park is five miles south of Hinton, WV.
THE NEW RIVER GORGE NATIONAL PARK and PRESERVE
The 70,000-acre New River Gorge National Park and Preserve is a unit of the United States National Park Service (NPS) designed to protect and maintain the New River Gorge in southern West Virginia in the Appalachian Mountains. Established in 1978 as a national river, the NPS-protected area stretches for fifty-three miles (85 km) from just downstream of Hinton to Hawks Nest State Park near Ansted. The Park was officially named America’s 63rd national park, the U.S. government’s the highest form of protection, in December of 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic as part of a relief bill.
West Virginia is home to parts of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, a footpath that stretches more than 2,100 miles between Maine and Georgia; the Lewis & Clark National Historic Trail, which cuts through sixteen states for 4,900 miles; the Bluestone National Scenic River; and Harpers Ferry National Historic Park. Now, over 70,000 acres of land bordering 53 miles of the gorge have earned the government’s protection.
The New River Gorge National Park and Preserve is rich in cultural and natural history and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities. New River Gorge is home to some of the country’s best whitewater rafting, mainly from the Cunard put-in to the Fayette Station take-out, and is also one of the most popular climbing areas on the East Coast.
Home to the New River, which drops 750 feet over 66 miles, with its Class V rapids, has long drawn adventuresome rafters and kayakers to this whitewater area. The New River, which flows northward through low-cut canyons in the Appalachian Mountains, is actually one of the oldest rivers on the planet.
Rock climbing on the canyon walls, mountain biking, and hiking on trails that flank the river, and wildlife viewing—bald eagles, osprey, kingfishers, great blue herons, beavers, river otters, wild turkeys, brown bats, snakes, and black bears, are all within the park.
Begin your experience with a stop at Canyon Rim Visitor Center, which is situated on the edge of the gorge, for maps, current information, and chats with a park ranger. You can learn any pertinent safety protocols and visit the bookstore.
The New River Gorge Bridge is a work of structural art. Construction of the bridge began in 1974 and was completed in 1977. The Bridge spans 3,030 feet in length and is the third-highest bridge in the U.S., at 876 ft. During Bridge Day, an annual one-day festival celebrating the construction of the Bridge, BASE jumpers launch off the 876-foot bridge and parachute down to the New River. New River Gorge is the only national park in the U.S. that permits this extreme activity.
President Jimmy Carter signed legislation establishing New River Gorge National River on November 10, 1978. As stated in the legislation, the park was established as a unit of the national park system “for the purpose of conserving and interpreting outstanding natural, scenic, and historical values and objects in and around the New River Gorge and preserving as a free-flowing stream an important segment of the New River in West Virginia for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations.” The New River Gorge National Park and Preserve Designation Act was incorporated into the Consolidated Appropriations Act 2021, changing the designation to New River Gorge National Park and Preserve. Less than 10% of the original national river was re-designated as a national park, where hunting is no longer permitted, while the remainder is a national preserve with little change.
NEW RIVER REGION OVERVIEW
The New River is shared by boaters, fishermen, campers, park visitors, and local neighbors. The waters of the New River system contain a mosaic of hydrologic features and aquatic habitats that support a highly productive aquatic ecosystem that includes distinct populations of native fish, mussels, crayfish, and a broad array of other aquatic life, including rare amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.
The 320-mile New River rises in the Blue Ridge region of North Carolina and flows northeastward through the Appalachian uplands to Radford, Va., where it turns northwestward and passes through a series of narrow valleys and gorges into southern West Virginia. It ends where it joins the Gauley River to form the Kanawha River. In WV, the New River is entrenched in a steep and narrow valley, the narrowest part of which is known as the “New River Gorge.”
In 1998, because of its historical, economic and cultural importance, President Clinton signed into law the New River as one of the very first American Heritage Rivers. Much of the river’s course through West Virginia was designated as the New River Gorge National River. In 2021, the area was designated as the United States’ newest National Park.
The New River is recognized as the “second oldest river in the world” and is estimated to be between 10 and 360 million years old. Its headwaters begin near Blowing Rock, NC, and it is one of the few rivers in North America that flows northerly.
Class I, II, III, IV, and V rapids dot the entire 320 miles of New River, making it a great paddling, tubing, and whitewater rafting adventure. Beautiful cliffs, bluffs, and mountain views make it one of the most scenic rivers on the east coast.
New River Gorge National Park includes 53 miles of free-flowing New River, beginning at Bluestone Dam and ending at Hawks Nest Lake. The New River typifies big West Virginia-style whitewater. Within the park, it has two very different characters. The upper (southern) part of the river consists primarily of long pools and relatively easy rapids up to Class III. It is a big powerful river, but very beautiful, always runnable, and provides excellent fishing and camping. There are a number of different river access points, and trips can run from several hours to several days.
The lower (northern) section of the river is often referred to as “the Lower Gorge.” In a state that is justifiably renowned for colossal rapids, the Lower Gorge has some of the biggest of the big, with rapids ranging in difficulty from Class III to Class V. The rapids are imposing and forceful, many of them obstructed by large boulders which, necessitate maneuvering in very powerful currents, crosscurrents, and hydraulics. Some rapids contain hazardous undercut rocks.
Prior to the rise of the Appalachian Mountains, the New River cut its bed at a time when the land sloped to the northwest. Amazingly so, as the Appalachians gradually rose around the river, the New River wore away the bedrock at the same rate the mountains formed, leaving behind towering cliffs and prominences that hover hundreds of feet about the water level.
Accounts claim that Indians referred to the New River as the “river of death” however ,this origin story is likely legend. Native Americans and early European settlers regarded the New and Kanawha Rivers as being one single waterway. The name “New” may have been derived when European explorers discovered the river upstream as the first “new” river found flowing westward.
Native American Indians used the New River as they traveled west years before the pioneers arrived. In the 1600s, explorers navigating the New River thought they were close to the Pacific Ocean because of its westerly flow.
In 1671 the Batts-Fallam expedition, by way of the New River, came through to the Lurich area and ended there because the Indian guides refused to take them any farther. They carved their initials in a tree and claimed the territory for King Charles II of England. This was the first proclamation of English territory west of the Alleghenies, making the New River the first gateway into the West.
The New River features fast water, big rocks, and lazy/slow stretches. Water sports enthusiasts will find the New River ideal for swimming, canoeing, fishing, kayaking, tubing, snorkeling, paddle boarding, and windsurfing. Great fishing is found in the New River, with bass (largemouth, smallmouth, and rock), flathead catfish, channel catfish, muskie, walleye, and bluegill present in good numbers. It produces more citation fish yearly than any other warm water river in WV.
The New River Gorge was a vast and largely unsettled wilderness until the C&O railroad was built on the eastern side of the river in the 1880s. The railroad opened the rich coalfields and virgin timber stands of the region. Early “mountaineers” settled the area and soon were carving out mountain farms and raising families.
The gorge was practically impassible before the completion of the New River Gorge Bridge, near Fayetteville, WV, in 1978. The river within its gorge is one of the most popular whitewater rafting destinations in the eastern U.S. Much of the New between Hinton, and Gauley Bridge is managed by the National Park Service.
Principal tributaries of the New in West Virginia include, from south to north, the East River, the Bluestone River, and the Greenbrier River.
Many former mining communities located on the New River in its gorge have since become ghost towns. These include Sewell, Nuttalburg, Kaymoor, Fayette, South Fayette, Hawks Nest, Cotton Hill, and Gauley, Beury, and Claremont.
GREENBRIER RIVER AND RIVER TRAIL
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is a 20-minute drive to the lazy Greenbrier River near to where it empties into the New River at Hinton. The Greenbrier River is 173 miles long and is the last free-flowing river east of the Mississippi. It is an excellent river to float or canoe and is well known for its large and small-mouth bass fishing. It is the gateway to water recreation and fun as it is, at most times, lazy and easy to navigate.
The Greenbrier River is formed by the confluence of the East Fork Greenbrier River and the West Fork Greenbrier River in the town of Durbin, West Virginia. From Durbin, the Greenbrier River flows southwesterly through Pocahontas, Greenbrier, Monroe, and Summers Counties. It flows through several communities, including Cass, Marlinton, Hillsboro, Ronceverte, Fort Spring, Alderson, and Hinton. The Greenbrier River joins the New River in the town of Hinton, just 20 minutes away.
The property is a 60-minute ride to the Greenbrier River Trial and is operated by the West Virginia State Parks. The trail is a 77-mile-long former railroad, now used for hiking, bicycling, ski-touring, horseback riding, and wheel-chair use. The trail passes through numerous small towns and traverses thirty-five bridges and two tunnels as it winds its way along the valley. Most of the trail is adjacent to the free-flowing Greenbrier River and is surrounded by peaks of the Allegheny Mountains.
Banking, healthcare facilities, drugstore, grocery, hardware, auto parts, and farm supply are readily available in nearby Union and Peterstown. There are no fast-food restaurants, but there are local restaurants that are great places to meet friends and enjoy a great home-cooked meal.
Some of the friendliest people in West Virginia can be found in Monroe County. Monroe County has a population of about 13,000 residents and does not have a stoplight, and has more cattle and sheep than people. Monroe County is a special area with interesting folks, both “born and raised” and newer members from many different states. People from all walks of life reside in harmony in this lovely pastoral setting.
Shortly after Monroe County was created, James Alexander offered twenty-five acres of land, including a lot for a courthouse which in time became the town of Union. On January 6, 1800, the Virginia Assembly passed an act creating the town of Union.
The Monroe County Historical Society preserves several historic structures in the town, including the Caperton Law Office, Owen Neel House, Clark-Wisemen House, Ames Clair Hall, and the Old Baptist Church. The Union Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
The Town of Peterstown is a short drive. Banks, healthcare facilities, drugstores, groceries, hardware, auto parts, and farm supplies are readily available in Peterstown. The town is on the border with Virginia, and Virginia Tech is less than an hour from Peterstown.
Peterstown was chartered in 1803 by the Virginia General Assembly and incorporated in 1892 by the Circuit Court. Peterstown was named for Christian Peters, a Revolutionary War soldier who settled nearby and founded the town shortly after the Revolutionary War. The town is the site of the 1928 discovery of the 34.48 carats (6.896 g) Jones Diamond by Grover C. Jones and his son, William “Punch” Jones.
SALT SULPHUR SPRINGS
Salt Sulphur Spring near Union is a popular wedding venue and is the scene of select community events.
The area is well known for the healing waters of the numerous “Sulphur Springs.” During the 1800s and early 1900s, several “Sulphur Springs Resorts” flourished in the area. Most notably and still in existence are White Sulphur Springs, Warm Springs, and Hot Springs. Others included Sweet Springs, Blue Sulphur Springs, Red Sulphur Springs, Green Sulphur Springs, Pence Springs, and Sweet Chalybeate Springs.
During the height of wealthy families’ summer treks to the Virginia springs resorts—from roughly 1800 until the Civil War—one popular circuit encompassed “the fountains most strongly impregnated with minerals, heat, fashion, and fame,” according to one chronicler. For those arriving from eastern Virginia and points northeast, the circuit started at Warm Springs northeast of Lewisburg in the Allegheny Mountains. From there, it ran south and west to the Hot, the White Sulphur, the Sweet, the Salt Sulphur, and the Red Sulphur, then back in the opposite direction.
The “Old Salt” was famed for its three springs: sweet, salt sulphur, and iodine, curative especially for “chronic diseases of the brain” such as headaches.
The main hotel building dates to about 1820. Salt Sulphur Springs Historic District holds one of the largest groupings of pre-Civil War native stone buildings in West Virginia.
Just a few miles away lies the sleepy village of Greenville. Greenville is the classic old Virginia community with the historic Cook’s Mill still standing on the banks of Indian Creek. The Ziegler Family that currently owns Cook’s Mill has the grounds open for visitors to enjoy picnics and view the massive water wheel and the exterior of the building. Greenville has a country general store complete with gasoline sales. The post office is still open and a community meeting place.
RED SULPHUR SPRINGS/BALLARD
Red Sulphur Springs, located just a few miles away, was once the site of another popular mineral spring resort from the 1820s until World War I. The spring water emerges from the ground at 54 degrees F. and leaves a purplish-red sulfurous deposit which was used to treat skin conditions. The water was believed to be useful in the treatment of tuberculosis. Modern analysis shows the water to be high in bicarbonate, sulfate, and calcium. Around 1920, the buildings were dismantled, and the resort ceased operation.
Indian Creek takes its name for a Native American trail that crossed the Appalachians from the valley of the Ohio River to that of the Great Valley of Virginia. “It was the interstate of the Indian world.”
Indian Creek is a tributary of the New River. It is one of Monroe County’s main drainage basins. Indian Creek begins its journey near Salt Sulphur Springs and drains tens of thousands of acres on its winding 30-mile-long trip through pastoral farms, steep mountain canyons, wide bottomland forests, wetlands, and marshes before ending its trip close to Crumps Bottom, where it enters New River. From there, the New River flows to the Kanawha, onto the Ohio, then the Mississippi, and terminating in the Gulf of Mexico. It is said that the waters of Indian Creek will arrive in the Gulf of Mexico 3 to 4 days after entering the New River.
INDIAN CREEK COVERED BRIDGE
Owned by the county historical society and open to pedestrians, it was part of the White and Salt Sulphur Springs Turnpike. A Long truss built in 1903 by Ray and Oscar Weikel (ages 16 and 18 years old) and E.P. and A.P. Smith, it is more than 11.5 feet wide and 49.25 feet long. There are six covered bridges in West Virginia with this truss engineering — Philippi, Hokes Mill, Sarvis Fork, Statts Mill, Center Point, and Indian Creek. The completed bridge cost Monroe County only $400 and was used continuously for about 30 years.
The interior of the Indian Creek Bridge contains notes and plaques from previous visitors. Now only pedestrians use the bridge, which also houses antique vehicles from the 1900s, adding to the history of this unique structure.
In the spring of 2000, the bridge was rehabilitated by Hoke Brothers Construction, Inc. of Union, WV, in 2002 at a cost of $334,446. Renovations included timber roof trusses, a new glue-laminated timber deck, new wooden exterior siding, and a new roof of split shakes.
Indian Creek Bridge is a tribute to the ingenuity and hard work of two young builders who had a vision of what transportation could be in Monroe County.
CASCADE FALLS (42-minute drive)
One of the most visited falls in Virginia is only a short drive away. About 150,000 visitors a year visit the Cascades. Without question, Cascade Falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Virginia and possibly on the entire East Coast. Little Stony Creek falls over a vertical cliff in several different streams. Several streams cascade a couple of times on the way down while others fall the whole distance of the falls.
The 69 ft. falls crash into a large pool surrounded by two-hundred-foot cliff walls from which large ice formations hang in the winter. The scene is both breathtaking and peaceful as the falls combine both power and beauty. The falls are also fairly easy to view, with wooden stairs and platforms on one side of the pool, allowing a visitor to get very close to the falls as well as allowing a photographer many different angles for photographs.
Say “Appalachian Trail in West Virginia,” and most people think of the Eastern Panhandle. But a portion of the trail weaves in and out of West Virginia for about 20 miles along the Virginia border in Monroe County
Hinton is the southern gateway to New River Gorge National Park and Preserve. The town has a large historic district, a railroad museum, antique shops, and restaurants. After crossing the bridge at Hinton, you will begin driving alongside the New River down River Road. There are great riverside vistas on this favorite route for a casual drive along the waterfront. Boaters, motorcyclists, fishermen, and vehicle cruises on the roadway and the river are a common sight. Nestled in the foothills of the Allegheny mountains lies a place where the rivers flow and the eagles soar. A place where small-town charm is around every corner and outdoor recreation is the norm. A place where porch sitting is earned after days spent hiking, biking, boating, and fishing. It is a place that remembers its past and looks towards the future.
Banking, healthcare facilities, a regional hospital, fast food restaurants, drugstores, grocery stores, hardware, auto parts, and farm supply are readily available in nearby Hinton, the county seat of Summers. Hinton has some local hometown restaurants that are great places to meet friends and enjoy a great home-cooked meal.
Nearby Forest Hill has a medical clinic, a post office, and an Amish baked goods store.
TALCOTT, HILLDALE, LOWELL, AND PENCE SPRINGS
The small communities of Talcott, Lowell, and Pence Springs are a vital part of the community. Talcott is the home of the famous John Henry legend and hosts a yearly festival called John Henry Days. Talcott has the John Henry Park and a museum, plus a post office. Hilldale has a brand-new Dollar General Store plus a convenience general store with gasoline sales. Lowell is home to the famous Lowell Market, a general store complete with a deli with the best breakfast biscuits for miles around. The store sells food, sporting goods, bait, hardware, lottery tickets, along with a host of other goods. Pence Springs is the home of the awesome Pence Springs Flea Market, held Sundays from April – the end of October. Dozens of vendors set up offering antiques, collectibles, guns, households, and a sundry of goods and tools. Another mainstay in Pence Springs is the Country Road Store is known to locals as the Pence Springs Wallyworld. Food, gasoline and fuels, pizza, sporting goods, camping supplies, and hardware are part of the stocked inventory. As a former owner, Bird Keatley used to say, “If we don’t have it, do you really need it”? Greenbrier Girls Academy sitting high on a knoll in the Pence is a private school on the grounds of the former Pence Springs Hotel.
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is nestled between the folded Ridge and Valley Province to the east and the younger Allegheny Plateau to the west. Its waters empty into the world’s third oldest river, the New River, just a few miles downstream.
The area has many interesting “riches from the earth” in the form of sandstone, limestone, agates, fossils, geodes, caves, and curious rock outcrops. The river’s bottom and banks have numerous types, ages, and classes of rocks that originate from several diverse geological regions along the New River basin that drain millions of acres.
Geologists’ estimates vary widely from 3 million years to 320 million years when talking about the age of the gorge. The river pushes its load of sand and other particles over the bedrock of the river channel and wears it down in a sandpapering action. The cutting takes place very slowly and each foot cut may take thousands of years.
Erosion by the New River has exposed several different rock formations. Traveling the 52 miles between Hinton and the New River Gorge bridge you will pass through a cross-section of the earth’s surface, exposing sedimentary rock layers totaling about 4,000 feet in thickness. It may have taken 7 to 10 million years for these deposits to accumulate as layers of sand, mud, and rotting plants and then compressed and bonded into sandstone, shale, and coal.
Just miles north you can take a trip through time riding on I-64 from Dawson to the WV/VA boundary showcasing outcrops from the younger Mississippian formations to the older Devonian mountains.
The rich coal fields lying miles to the northwest were formed about 300 million years ago during the Pennsylvanian and Permian periods when the West Virginia area was south of the equator and moving north. Coal, a combustible sedimentary rock, formed when our area was covered with huge, tropical, swampy forests where plants – giant ferns, reeds, and mosses – grew. When the plants died, they piled up in swamps. Over time, heat and pressure transformed the buried materials into peat and into various forms of coal. These prehistoric coalfields continue to provide energy and industry to residents of West Virginia, the nation, and the world.
The Droop Sandstone, a very hard, quartz-rich rock originally deposited as sand beaches along an ancient shoreline is especially prominent in the area. Numerous sheer rock cliff formations are created by the erosion-resistant Droop Sandstone. Locally, the Muddy Creek Mountain quarry produces decorative sandstone from the Droop that is known worldwide for its beauty and durability.
Happy Valley Farm on Indian Creek is in the Indian Creek, New River Valley – Greenbrier River Valley region and contains interesting Native American artifacts.
The New River Gorge was never permanently settled by Europeans prior to the 1850s, so the older archeological record begins with the very rich story of the Native American Indians in the New River Gorge area of southern West Virginia. Most of the stories involving native peoples center on “historically” documented tribes and their interaction with the European and African peoples who came into this area in the mid-1600s. What we usually consider the beginning of the story is an ending.
The story of American Indians in West Virginia began hundreds of generations before written history. The keys to this amazing story are literally found in the arrowheads and multitudes of other artifacts and historic sites left behind by these ancient peoples.
The oldest artifacts from the New River Gorge are Clovis points. Made more than 11,000 years ago over much of North America, these intricately shaped stone spear points were used by ancient nomadic hunter-gatherers, Paleoindians, to kill mammoths, mastodons, and other Ice Age creatures.
Later artifacts found in excavated village sites, such as pieces of pottery, stone and bone tools, seeds, beads, and arrowheads, show the development of a thriving agricultural-based permanent community connected by well-established systems of trails.
Peoples of the Archaic and Woodland periods lived in our area for thousands of years, constructing palisade villages and elaborate burial mounds, progressing from spears to bow and arrows, producing clay and stone pottery and art objects, and extensively cultivating corn, squash, and beans. They were the ancestors of the people we know of today in eastern North America as the Cherokee and Shawnee.
Native American Indians who lived in the River Valleys of the Ohio, Kanawha, Greenbrier, and Roanoke, as well as northern Georgia, upper South Carolina, and Tennessee, were part of the Archaic Period culture.
Native American artifact collectors search for and have found arrowheads, spear points, tomahawks, tools, and toys (marbles) in the region of the valleys. Most of the artifacts would be from the Archaic period and can be readily found on any flat areas on the creek that would be one foot higher than the creek’s bank.
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now West Virginia led a Stone Age lifestyle – they only had stone tools and weapons had never seen a horse, and had no knowledge of the wheel.
There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are in West Virginia. The names of the tribes included the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Saponi, and Shawnee.
Other famous Tribes of Eastern Woodlands: Miami, Lenape, Iroquois, Massachusetts, Powhatan, Abenaki, Shawnee and Pequot, Fox, Sauk, Wampanoag, Delaware, Huron (Wyandot), Mohawk, Mohican, and Menominee.
MEDICAL CARE (6.6 mi.) (10 minutes)
Monroe Health Center has a clinic at nearby Forest Hill. Summers County ARH Hospital is 14.5 miles away and a 20-minute drive.
West Virginia has VA Hospitals in Clarksburg, Martinsburg, Beckley, and Huntington. Nearby Salem, VA, has a Veterans Hospital. Nearby Community-Based Outpatient
From Union, WV: 21.5 miles (approximate 35 minutes)
From the Courthouse in Union; travel US 219 South for 8.4 miles; turn right onto Greenville Road Rt. 122 West; travel 10.3 miles; turn left onto Indian Creek Road; travel 2.7 miles; the property road entrance is on the right.
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